Tuesday, 12 March 2024 00:00

Causes of Achilles Tendon Pain

Achilles tendonitis affects the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Overuse or strain of the Achilles tendon can lead to inflammation and irritation, causing symptoms such as pain, tenderness, stiffness, and decreased strength and flexibility in the affected leg. This condition may develop gradually over time or suddenly during physical activity. In severe cases, Achilles tendonitis can progress to a partial or complete tear of the tendon. This results in more intense symptoms, like sharp pain, swelling, bruising, difficulty standing on tiptoe, or problems pointing the foot downward. Seeking prompt medical evaluation is important if you suspect Achilles tendonitis or experience symptoms of a tendon tear. Imaging tests, including ultrasound, X-rays, or MRI scans can confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the injury. If you are experiencing persistent symptoms of Achilles tendonitis, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam, a diagnosis, and treatment options. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of New York, NY. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries